Title : Sharaf al-Mulk, Hujjat al-Haq, Sheikh al-Rayees, Polymath
Birth : Bukhara, Uzbekistan, 980/ 370H
Death : Hamedan, Iran, 1037/428H
Ethnicity : Persian
Region : Central Asia and Persia
School tradition : Avicennism
Works : 450 treatises on various subjects (240 have survived), including his masterpieces Qanun fi’l-Tib (The Canon of Medicine) and The Book of Healing.
Expertises : Medicine, alchemy and chemistry, early Islamic philosophy, Islamic studies, logics, geography, astronomy, mathematics, psychological thought, physics, Arabic and Persian poetries, Islamic theology (kalam).
Notable ideas : Father of modern medicine, clinical pharmacology, clinical trials, and the concept of momentum, founder of Avicennism and Avicennian logic, forerunner of psychoanalysis, pioneer of aromatherapy and neuropsychiatry, and important contributor to geology.