Reasons why Britain bombed Surabaya

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Darul Aqsha

JAKARTA

“10 November ’45, Mengapa Inggris Membom Surabaya?” (“10 November ’45, Why Did Britain Bomb Surabaya?”)
By Batara R. Hutagalung; Millenium Publisher, Jakarta; (Oct. 2001), first edition, xiv + 472 pp; Rp 59,900,-

THIS book analyzes the simultaneous sea, land and air campaign by British forces against the defenders of the East Java capital of Surabaya in November 1945.

To this day, it remains a bitter memory for older Indonesians.

In the author’s opinion, there are two main reasons why Britain, which did not hold colonial authority over Indonesia, launched the invasion.
First, there were psychological and emotional reasons at play, since Britain was victorious in World War II. Second, the British were bound by a treaty with the Dutch stemming from the conference at Yalta on Feb. 11, 1945, and the Postdam Declaration, which took place on July 26, 1945.

The objectives of the treaty were “to reestablish civilian rule, and return the colony to Dutch administration,” as well as “to maintain the status quo which existed before the Japanese invasion”.

They can be found in a letter dated Sept. 2, 1945 by the Allied Forces’ Supreme Commander South East Asia Vice Admiral Lord Louis Mountbatten. British assistance was also in line with the Civil Affairs Agreement between the Dutch and Britain in Chequers, Britain, on Aug. 24, 1945.

The author also outlines the violations committed by British troops. They include infringements upon the sovereignty of the fledgling nation of Indonesia, human rights abuses — including crimes against humanity and forced displacement — and war crimes.

Apart from its thorough dissection of this bloody chapter of Indonesian history, this book carries something else of equally important historical significance: an official apology from the British government. It was expressed by British Ambassador to Indonesia Richard Gozney in the name of the British government during a seminar on the Battle of Surabaya in Jakarta in October 2000.

It was a sympathetic act — one which has yet to be offered by the Dutch who, as a colonial power, ruled Indonesia for centuries.–

The Jakarta Post
Sunday, December 30, 2001

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“Oeroeg”, The best movie of Indonesia Independence War

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king_vsjn

JAKARTA

THERE were some movies which took Indonesia Independence War (1945-1949) as their setting. Most of them fell into two categories, propaganda and rubbish. Only few movies which were really good, such as Nagabonar and Soerabaja’45, although the latter sometimes fell into propaganda. Oeroeg was the best movie which took the era as it sets and ironically made by Netherland, which were Indonesia’s enemy.
oeroeg_childhoodWhen the other movies only talk about the war, this movie took a deeper approaching. It pulled us to understand the reason behind the war. Why the Indonesian refused to be controlled by the Dutch. It showed the discrimination experienced by Indonesian as third class citizen in the Dutch rule.

Oeroeg_sceneThe movie also showed a empathized-to-Indonesia-movement Dutch teacher which help Indonesia fighter degrading the fighting spirit of Dutch soldiers. It was more realistic role for foreigner in Indonesia at the time instead the irrational role which sometimes appeared in this genre (such as a dutch soldier in Indonesia line in “Singa Karawang” which was impossible due to high risk of being falsely recognized as enemy by the Indonesia people itself).

oeroeg-last sceneThe dialog was also interesting. In the last scene, Johan, as the main character ask Oeroeg whether they have already in the same degree. Oeroeg’s cynical reply is still relevant today. When the developed countries often call the other countries as the Third world, isn’t it another form of humiliation in modern world?

Hella S. Haasse

Hella S. Haasse

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http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0107729/combined

Algebra of violence in the Mideast (2)

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Pehin Orang Kaya Lela Raja Dato Seri Laila Jasa Haji Awang Abdul Rahman bin Haji Abdul Karim
KUALA LUMPUR

PRESCIENTLY, the grave concern expressed by Gary Burge actually almost covers the content of his book: “Whose Lands? Whose Promise? — What Christians Are Not Being Told about Israel and the Palestinians.” It is about “a profound injustice committed by the Israelis against the helpless Palestinians.”

This grave concern actually happened again in August to September 2014. Within this period, the Zionist military might bombs schools, UN shelters, hospitals, mosques, 18,000 houses, three 14-storey apartments, electrical supply that directly crippled the sewerage system and the supply of water, the desalination plant. (Re: The Strait Times: “Gaza Faces Steep Rebuilding Challenge.)

The International New York Times, 15-9-2014, carried this article: “In Gaza, A Battle To Open Schools”:

[Related letter: Algebra of violence in the Middle East]

“There were 500,000 students. They were scheduled to go to school. They were 648 schools, with 421 schools to be used as double shifts. But 34 schools buildings were bombed (by the Zionist military) beyond use; dozens more in need of major repairs. Thirty one schools were still sheltering 59,728 people.”

But a generation that has survived three wars in six years — the latest killing 500 Gazans younger than 18 and injuring 3,100, as well as creating 1400 orphans, has more than just material assets destroyed; thousands are violently traumatised by the Zionist bombs, machine guns and collapsing buildings.”

Traumatising the Palestinian children is the long term strategy of the Zionist state to weaken the future generations of the Palestinian, mentally and physically.

According to Gary M Burge, since 1948 to 1990, 531 Arab villages have been either destroyed by bulldozers or occupied by Israeli residents who stole the Arab lands despite UN resolutions calling for the rightful return of those homes and lands to their Arab owners.

According to UN records in June 1999, about 3.6 million Palestinians refugees have been victims of Israel’s nationhood. (Refer: The Colonisation of Palestine (1992)

After the usual European governments pro-Zionist stand was seriously protested against by their citizens, only then these European governments made their perfunctory lip-service against the Zionist bombings of Gaza.

Only then when the atrocities have actually been committed by the Zionist military, shown ‘live’ on TV news and on the hand-held cyber-power owned by hundreds of millions of their owners worldwide did “Human Right Watch (HRW) Accuses Israel of War Crimes in Gaza” (The Brunei Times, Sept 12, 2014). The Zionist military bombed three UN-run schools, killing Palestinian civilians who had sheltered there, in violation of the laws of war. The HRW also distrusted the self-investigations done by the Israel military into its Gaza War operations.”

On Sept 2, 2014, Al Jazeera documentary, showed the extreme atrocities of the Zionist military against the Palestinian lives and economic assets in 2002, 2008, 2010 and the recent August-September 2014 mass destruction of the assets of the Palestinian in Gaza. Of course more than 3,000 killed and thousands traumatised and injured.

Useful readings:

“Palestine-Peace Not Aparthied” by Jimmy Carter — the former USA President.

“Whose Land? Whose Promise? What Christians Are Not Being Told about Israel and Palestinians

“The Crisis of Zionism” by Peter Beinart.

“The Israel Lobby and US Foreign Policy — How a Powerful?

“Brokers of Decit” by Rashid Khalidi.

“Cursed Victory-A History of Israel And The Occupied Territories.” By Ahron Bregman

Other Independent, objective scholars, writers such as the former CIA officers, Kathleen and Bill Christison highlighted this Zionist policy of “annihilation”, “ethnic cleansing”, “genocide”, “holocaust” in their book: “Palestine In Pieces – Graphic Perspectives on the Israeli Occupation.” Another hundreds of sources which highlighted this concerted Zionist ultimate objective involving the Palestinians and their lands are as per the following samples:

“We have to kill all the Palestinians unless they are resigned to live like slaves.” (General Shalomon Lahat, the Mayor of Tel Aviv, October 1983).

“The Palestinians would be crushed like grasshoppers ….heads smashed against the boulders and walls.” (Israel Prime Minister, New York Times, April 1, 1988)

“We shall use the ultimate force until the Palestinians come crawling to us on all fours.” (Rafael Eiton, Chief of Staff Israel Defence Forces — New York Times, April 14, 1983)

“We must use terror, assignation, intimidation, land confiscation, and the cutting of all social services to rid the Galilee of its Arab population.” (The Koening Memorandum.)

“We, the Jewish people, control America, and the American knows it.” (Ariel Sharon told Shimon Peres on Oct 3, 2001.)

In 1989, Benjamin Netanyahu (before he became Prime Minister in 1996) was speaking at Bar Ilan University following the brutal Chinese repression of demonstrators in Tianamen Square.

His apartheid assertion was that: “Israel should have exploited the repression of the demonstrators in China, when world attention focused on that country, to carry out mass expulsion among the Arabs of the occupied territories.” (The Israeli Journal Hotman, Nov 24, 1989)

Even one of my favourite intellectual journalists, Thomas Friedman in his book, “Longitudes and Attitudes — Exploring the World Before and After September 11, 2001” has strongly indulged in a diatribe against Islam, Muslims and Arab/Palestinian in his bias support for the Jews and Israel.

The Brunei Times’ Editorial: “Israeli Illegal Land Grab”, Sept 2, 2014 highlights, the latest brazen land stealing of 400 hectares of the Palestinian land by the Zionist state under the pretext of a retaliation against the death of the three Jewish youths.” The Zionist state is committed to this in line with its execution of the overall policy of “crushing the Palestinians like grasshoppers, and land stealing of their lands.” These samples of Zionist atrocities and land stealing and the policy to drive the Palestinians from their lands are found in the Surah and Verses in the Noble Quran, for example:

“Then your hearts hardened after that, so that they were like rocks, rather worse in hardness. And surely there are some rocks from which streams burst forth; and there are some of them which split asunder so water flows from them…..(Al-Baqarah or The Cow) 2: Verse 74)

“Yet you it is who would slay your people and turn a part from among your out of their homes, backing each other up against them unlawfully and exceeding the limits…. (Al-Baqarah) 2 : Verse 85)

“And We made known to the Children of Israel in the Book: Certainly you will make mischief in the land twice, and behave insolently with mighty arrogance.” (BaniIsrail or The Israelites) 17: Verse 4)

Apart from those books which expose Zionist brutalities, land stealing and apartheid policy against the Palestinians, there is also another brave, humane Jew, Gideon Levy who exposed on film and camera those brutalities and the land stealing by the Zionist people. Gideon Levy, was a reporter for Haaretz newspaper, Israel. His bravery and scarifies in supporting the Palestinians was shown on Al Jazeera TV on Aug 31, 2014. The title of his documentary is “Going Against the Grain”. Gideon Levy was exasperated by the brutalities, by the destructions of the Palestinians economic assets, their houses deliberately inflicted by his own Jewish people, since 1948. Another Al Jazeera documentary on Sept 2, 2014 showed the Zionist bulldozers uprooting those 800 years old olive trees in the Palestinians lands; the shooting of Palestinians babies, children, mothers and old people in their bedrooms by intruding Zionist soldiers who punched holes in walls to brutally bully the Palestinians in their houses.

Another sample of Jewish brutalities: “Armed with guns given to them by the Jewish army, the Jewish settlers of Hebron have always been the most extreme, violent and abusive of all settler communities. They have routinely abused the city’s Palestinians resident; beating them, hurling refuse at them, destroying their shops, chopping down their olive trees, poisoning their water wells, breaking into their homes and even killing them. The Jewish army protected these settlers. When the settlers’ brutalilties escalalated the Jewish military would often attempt to calm down the situation by locking the Arabs up in their houses and imposing curfew on them.” (Ahron Bregman in his book: “Cursed Victory-A History of Israel and the Occupied Territories.”)

The Brunei Times
Tue, 28 October 2014

http://www.bt.com.bn/letters-editor/2014/10/28/algebra-violencein-mideast-ii